USB aliases – Multiple Arduinos on an OpenWRT device

If you want to add multiple Arduino or other USB to UART devices to your Openwrt router you will need to symlink them so that the devices don’t mix up while the router reboots.

Our objective is to symlink /dev/ttyUSB0, /dev/ttyUSB1 … to /dev/device0, /dev/device1… In our example we will use a setup with an USB 2.0 hub, and an Arduino. USB 2.0 hub solves a bug in the usb 1.0 connection between the arduino and OpenWRT.
First we need to find out idVendor,idProduct and bcdDevice for each connected device, we can do that with “lsusb -v”:

idVendor 0x0403 Future Technology Devices International, Ltd
idProduct 0x6001 FT232 USB-Serial (UART) IC
bcdDevice 6.00

The first zeros are ignored and we use:


And this is the whole script:


if [ “${PRODUCT}” = “${PRODID}” ];
then if [ “${ACTION}” = “add” ];
DEVICE_NAME=$(ls /sys/$DEVPATH | grep tty)
if [ -z ${DEVICE_NAME} ];
then logger -t Hotplug Warning DEVICE_NAME is empty

logger -t Hotplug Device name of cp210 is $DEVICE_NAME
ln -s /dev/$DEVICE_NAME /dev/${SYMLINK}
logger -t Hotplug Symlink from /dev/$DEVICE_NAME to /dev/${SYMLINK} created

if [ “${PRODUCT}” = “${PRODID}” ];
then if [ “${ACTION}” = “remove” ];
then rm /dev/${SYMLINK}
logger -t Hotplug Symlink /dev/${SYMLINK} removed


You need to save the scripts under /etc/hotplug.d/usb/. Script names dictate the execution order so name them in this way: 20-arduino1 30-digitemp…

there is one more thing you need to enable executing the scripts: In /etc/hotplug2.rules, remove ‘^’ before ^usb$ and restart the router:

vi /etc/hotplug2.rules

$include /etc/hotplug2-common.rules

SUBSYSTEM ~~ (^net$|^input$|^button$|usb$|^ieee1394$|^block$|^atm$|^zaptel$|^tty$) {
exec /sbin/hotplug-call %SUBSYSTEM%

DEVICENAME == watchdog {
exec /sbin/watchdog -t 5 /dev/watchdog


And now you should have /dev/arduino ready for use!


One thought on “USB aliases – Multiple Arduinos on an OpenWRT device

  1. Pingback: Cheap tweeting RFID home security/automation system V1.5 | labOS - otvoreni multimedijski laboratorij

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